Stephen Menendian is the Assistant Director and Director of Research at the Othering & Belonging Institute, where he supervises many of the Institute’s research initiatives and ongoing projects. In particular, Stephen spearheaded the “Roots of Structural Racism” study revealing the persistence of racial residential segregation and its consequences, and a similar project focused on the San Francisco Bay Area. He also leads the Inclusiveness Index initiative, an annual assessment of global inclusivity rankings.
Stephen’s primary areas of expertise are structural racism, civil rights, fair housing, affirmative action and educational equity, but his research focuses on the causes and mechanisms of inter-group inequality, and the design of effective equity policy interventions permitted under prevailing interpretations of law, including California’s anti-affirmative action ballot initiative, Proposition 209.
Stephen is the author of many scholarly publications, book chapters, journal and law review articles and a regularl contributor to Berkeley Blog. His most recent large publication, The Roots of Structural Racism, was covered by CNN, Time Magazine, the Atlantic, the Guardian, the Los Angeles Times, the San Francisco Chronicle, The Root, Axios, Bloomberg news, the New York Post, the East Bay Times, among other online, television, radio and print media across the country.
Other recent publications include: “The Road Not Taken: Housing and Criminal Justice 50 Years after the Kerner Commission Report” with Richard Rothstein, “Targeted Universalism: Policy and Practice” with john powell and Wendy Ake, “Putting Integration on the Agenda,” also with Richard Rothstein for the American Bar Association’s Journal of Affordable Housing, and "Racial Segregation in the San Francisco Bay Area," a series for the Othering & Belonging Institute.
Stephen co-chaired “Race & Inequality in America: The Kerner Commission at 50 conference,” held in the Spring of 2018, a conference that brought together the nation’s leading experts on race and housing, the criminal justice system, employment, transportation and health care in order to envision a contemporary racial justice agenda.
Other notable publications include the landmark article "The Problem of Othering: Toward Inclusiveness and Belonging" with john powell for Othering & Belonging, "Affirmatively Furthering Fair Housing: A Reckoning with Government-Sponsored Segregation in the 21st Century" for the National Civic Review, "Opportunity Communities: Overcoming the Debate over Mobility Versus place-based Strategies" in The Fight for Fair Housing, and "What Constitutes a 'Racial Classification'?: Equal Protection Doctrine Scrutinized" for the Temple Political & Civil Rights Law Review, and "Remaking Law: Moving Beyond Enlightenment Jurisprudence" (with john powell) for the St. Louis University Law Journal.
Stephen developed and co-authored the Institute's Amicus brief in the United States Supreme Court case of Texas Department of Housing and Community Affairs v. the Inclusive Communities Project, cited by the Supreme Court in a landmark decision recognizing disparate impact claims under the Fair Housing Act. He also co-authored the Institute’s Amicus brief in Fisher v. Texas asking the Court to uphold the University of Texas’ race-conscious admissions policy, the Amicus brief for Mount Holly arguing that disparate impact standard remains essential to address the ongoing legacy of historical housing segregation, as well as an Amicus brief in the 2007 Seattle/Louisville K-12 integration cases to persuade the Court to sustain voluntary integration plans in the Seattle and Louisville school districts.
Stephen is also an editor for Othering & Belonging, a journal published by the Othering & Belonging Institute, and edited a number of policy briefs published by the Institute’s faculty clusters, including co-authoring the brief Responding to Rising Inequality: Policy Interventions to Ensure Opportunity for All.
Older publications of note include "Structural Racism in the United States" to the UN's CERD Committee, “Systems Thinking and Race: A Primer” for the Kirwan Institute for the Study of Race and Ethnicity, "Beyond Public/Private: Understanding Excessive Corporate Prerogative" for the Kentucky Law Journal, "Parents Involved: The Mantle of Brown, the Shadow of Plessy" for the University of Louisville Law Review, and "Little Rock and the Legacy of Dred Scott" for the St. Louis Law Journal.
Stephen also authored the State of Ohio’s Diversity Strategies For Successful Schools Guidance, which was adopted by the State Board of Education of Ohio in May, 2012. In addition, Stephen co-authored an interim report, Diversity Strategies for Successful Schools: Recommendations to the State Board of Education of Ohio, on September, 2011 with the Kirwan Institute for the Study of Race & Ethnicity.
Stephen regularly trains policymakers, educators, non-profits, and other institutions on structural racism, targeted universalism, diversity, inclusion, belonging, and affirmative action practices, policies, and compliance, including creative ways to improve diversity within the bounds of law, and regularly presents on issues of fair housing, affordable housing, racial segregation and land use policies, voting rights, Proposition 209, and diversity in the practice and teaching of law. Stephen is a licensed attorney.
- Racial residential segregation has gone down in Sacramento, study finds (Sacramento Bee) | Oct. 14, 2021
- Extreme Racial Residential Segregation In Oakland Despite Its Diversity (Bay City News) | Oct. 13, 2021
- Here are the Bay Area’s most segregated, integrated communities (East Bay Times) | Oct. 8, 2021
- Racial segregation is alive and well -- and gripping America's cities (CNN) | Sept. 23, 2021
- California seeks to make its low-carbon living more affordable (Grist) | Sept. 20, 2021
- Berkeley Study: Salinas ranks high on the list of segregated metropolitan regions (KION 5/46) | Aug. 19, 2021
- California’s housing crisis: How much difference will a zoning bill make? (CalMatters) | Aug. 19, 2021
- The Resilience of New York’s Black Homeowners (New York Times) | Aug. 17, 2021
- U.S. neighborhoods are more segregated than a generation ago, perpetuating racial inequity (NBC Think) | Aug. 16, 2021
- Do you live in one of Memphis’ Blackest, whitest or most segregated neighborhoods? (MLK 50) | Aug. 6, 2021
- Florida city paints a different racial portrait of America (Christian Science Monitor) | Aug. 3, 2021
- East Bay city to look at allowing undocumented residents to vote in local elections (SF Chronicle) | July 28, 2021
- ‘Sea of white’: Marin segregation detailed in UC study (Marin Independent Journal) | July 10, 2021
- Research Traces Roots of Racial Disparities to Residential Segregation (San Francisco Public Press) | July 8, 2021
- U.S. Residential Segregation Is Likely to Get Worse: New Study (Bloomberg News) | July 8, 2021
- New Report Finds Major US Metro Areas, Greater Los Angeles Among Them, Are More Segregated Now Than 30 Years Ago (AirTalk) | July 8, 2021
- Measuring Diversity and Segregation in U.S. Cities (Wall Street Journal) | July 7, 2021
- LA has more diversity but is still segregated. Could that mean more uprisings? (KCRW) | July 6, 2021
- The Only Thing Integrating America (The Atlantic) | July 2, 2021
- Big Pharma Price Gouging; How Segregation Persists; Drones Go Global (Political Misfits Podcast) | July 1, 2021
- Muslim Network News TV interview | June 30, 2021
- New study shows racial housing discrimination increased nationwide (UpFront on KPFA) | June 29, 2021
- Shocking new study shows segregation growing worse in surprising parts of US (The Hill) | June 29, 2021
- The U.S. has become more segregated. That could make gerrymandering worse. (The Fulcrum) | June 28, 2021
- ‘Where you live determines everything’: why segregation is growing in the US (The Guardian) | June 28, 2021
- Your city is more segregated than it was in 1990, new study shows (Grist) | June 28, 2021
- L.A. segregation problems unchanged in decades, study shows (Los Angeles Times) | June 28, 2021
- How segregated is your Oakland neighborhood? (Oaklandside) | June 28, 2021
- What's Making the Bay Area More Segregated? (KCBS Radio) | June 26, 2021
- Researchers Say ‘Chronic Disinvestment’ Has Led to Detroit Being the Most Segregated City In the U.S. (Atlanta Black Star) | June 25, 2021
- Racial Segregation is Still an Issue in Most Metro Areas (Legal Reader) | June 24, 2021
- How 3 Decades of Increased Segregation in the Bay Area is Hurting Communities of Color (KQED) | June 24, 2021
- U.S. Latinos earn less, die earlier in segregated areas (Axios) | June 24, 2021
- Study: Racial segregation is increasing in the Bay Area and across the US (SF Gate) | June 23, 2021
- Sacramento ranks as a ‘highly segregated’ city, study finds. Why it’s worse than 30 years ago (Sacramento Bee) | June 23, 2021
- Othering & Belonging Institute holds residential segregation seminar (Daily Californian) | June 23, 2021
- Bay Area segregation is worsening, UC Berkeley study finds (San Francisco Chronicle) | June 22, 2021
- Segregation Is Getting Worse in the US. The Bay Area Is No Exception (KQED) | June 22, 2021
- Report: Oakland, Fremont among U.S. metro areas that have become more segregated (KTVU Fox 2) | June 22, 2021
- Study: US more segregated now than 1970, including Bay Area (KCBS) | June 22, 2021
- ABC7 News interview with Stephen Menendian (ABC7 News) | June 21, 2021
- Most major metropolitan areas have become more racially segregated, study shows (CNN) | June 21, 2021
- Study Finds That Detroit is the Most Segregated City in the Country (The Root) | June 21, 2021
- The U.S. Is Increasingly Diverse, So Why Is Segregation Getting Worse? (Time) | June 21, 2021
- Bay Area is Becoming More Racially, Economically Segregated: UC Berkeley Study (NBC Bay Area) | June 21, 2021
- The D.C. Region Has Become More Diverse — But Also More Segregated, Study Finds (DCist) | June 21, 2021
- Most big cities have become more racially segregated: study (New York Post) | June 21, 2021
- How American racism is rooted in residential segregation (Berkeley News) | June 21, 2021
- Bay Area has become more segregated over decades, report says (East Bay Times) | June 21, 2021
- Detroit ranked as one of the most segregated cities in the country (Michigan Radio) | June 21, 2021
- Most segregated city in America is Detroit. How that impacts Detroiters (Detroit News) | June 21, 2021
- 'It was traumatizing': Black drivers more likely to be stopped by police in Berkeley, audit finds (San Francisco Chronicle) | May 2, 2021
- Palo Alto's housing debate is a battle over Silicon Valley segregation (San Francisco Chronicle) | May 1, 2021
- Oakland's guaranteed income program caught up in debate over race and equity (San Francisco Chronicle) | April 6, 2021
- Facing Housing Crunch, California Cities Rethink Single-Family Neighborhoods (NPR) | March 13, 2021
- ‘A symbolic step’: Berkeley to end exclusionary zoning by 2022 (The Daily Californian) | February 25, 2021
- Berkeley may get rid of single-family zoning as a way to correct the arc of its ugly housing history (Berkeleyside) | February 17, 2021
- California Cities Rethink the Single-Family Neighborhood (KQED) | February 16, 2021
- SPUR Talk: The Racist Roots of Single-Family Zoning (Streets Blog SF) | February 4, 2021
- Capitol riots: A broader symbol of ethno-nationalism across the globe (The Daily Californian) | January 28, 2021
- Voting rights groups see gerrymandering as potent threat (The Hill) | January 18, 2021
- Can Lawsuit Force Clovis to Roll Out Welcome Mat to Low Income Renters? (Capital & Main) | December 10, 2020
- Here's why Marin continues to be the Bay Area's most segregated county (San Francisco Chronicle) | December 8, 2020
- UC Berkeley project publishes list of Bay Area cities ranked by severity of segregation (The Daily Californian) | December 3, 2020
- Marin County dominates racial segregation rankings in Bay Area according to UC Berkeley study (The Mercury News) | November 30, 2020
- Californians reject affirmative action. Maybe they're not progressive after all (San Francisco Chronicle) | November 9, 2020
- Proposition 13 Under Increased Scrutiny as California Faces Economic Crisis (KCET) | October 13, 2020
- The Racist History of Single-Family Home Zoning (KQED) | October 5, 2020
- History of Redlining, Predatory Lending, Systemic Racism Impacts Black Home Ownership In Bay Area (CBS SF Bay Area) | June 29, 2020
- People of color living in low-resource neighborhoods (Local News Matters) | August 13, 2019
- Segregation in the San Francisco Bay Area (El Show de Andrés Soto. KPFA Berkeley) | February 7, 2019
- The US is much less inclusive than it was two years ago. Here's why (CNN) | December 30, 2018
- Inclusionary Housing (HouseKeys Radio with Julius Nyanda - KDOW Fremont) | March 13, 2018
- 50 Years Ago, This Groundbreaking Report Confronted America’s Racial Struggle (Crosscurrents with Hana Baba - KALW Public Radio) | February 27, 2018
- Opinion: 50 years later, nation faces same racial divisions (East Bay Times) | February 13, 2018
- How Stockton, Calif., has resisted political polarization (The Christian Science Monitor) | October 17, 2017
- Supreme Court upholds affirmative action with no impact on UC policy (The Daily Californian) | June 24, 2016
- Where are you Going to Live? (Sunday Show with Philip Maldari - KPFA Berkeley) | August 2, 2015
- Oakland Building New Housing, But For Whom? (KQED) | November 10, 2014